ATATÜRK UNDERTOOK A SERIES OF REFORMS TO "RAISE TURKEY TO THE LEVEL OF MODERN CIVILIZATION" WHICH CAN BE GROUPED UNDER FIVE TITLES

 

    1. Political Reforms

     

  • Abolishment of the office of the Sultan (November 1922)
  • Proclamation of the Republic (29 October 1923)
  • Abolishment of the caliph (3 March 1924)


    2. Social Reforms

     

  • Recognition of equal rights to men and women (1926 - 1934)
  • Reform of Headgear and Dress (25 November 1925)
  • Closure of mausoleums and dervish lodges (30 November 1925)
  • Law on family names (21 June 1934)
  • Abolishment of titles and by-names (26 November 1934)
  • Adoption of international calendar, hours and measurements (1925 - 1931)


    3. Legal Reforms

     

  • Abolishment of the Canon Law (1924 - 1937)
  • Transfer to a secular law structure by adoption of Turkish Civil Code and other laws (1924 - 1937)


    4. Reforms in the fields of education and culture

     

  • Unification of education (3 March 1924)
  • Adoption of new Turkish alphabet (1 November 1928)
  • Establishment of Turkish Language and History Institutions (1931 - 1932)
  • Regulation of the university education (31 May 1933)
  • Innovations in fine arts


    5. Economic Reforms

     

  • Abolution of tithe
  • Encouragement of the farmers
  • Establishment of model farms
  • Establishment of industrial facilities, and putting into effect a law for Incentives for the Industry
  • Putting into effect Ist and IInd Development Plans (1933-1937), to develop transportation networks

 

Source : Republic Off Turkey Ministry Of Culture And Tourism