A CHRONOLOGY OF THE EVENTS IN ATATÜRK'S LIFE

 

  • 1881 - Mustafa born in Salonika.

     

  • 1893 - Mustafa enters the Military Preparatory School in Salonika and is given the second "Kemal" by this teacher.

     

  • 1895 - Mustafa Kemal enters the Military High School in Manstir.

     

  • 1899 - Mustafa Kemal enters the infantry class of the Military Academy in Istanbul.

     

  • 1902 - Mustafa Kemal graduates from the Military Academy and goes on to the General Staff College.

     

  • 1905 January 11 - Mustafa Kemal graduates from the General Staff College witg the rank of Staff Captain and is posted to the Fifth Army, centered on Damascus.

     

  • 1906 October - Mustafa Kemal and his friends form in Damascus the secret society "Fatherland and Freedom".

     

  • 1907 September - Mustafa Kemal transferred to Third Army and goes to Salonika.

     

  • 1911 September 13 - Mustafa Kemal transferred to General Staff in Istanbul.

     

  • 1912 January 9 - Mustafa Kemal leads successfully the Tobruk offensive in Libya.

     

  • 1915 April 25 - Allies land ar Arıburnu and Mustafa Kemal stops their progress with his division.

     

  • 1915 August 9 - Mustafa Kemal appointed Commander, Anafartalar Group.

     

  • 1916 April 1 - Mustafa Kemal promoted Brigadier - General.

     

  • 1916 August 6-7 - Mustafa Kemal wins back from the enemy Bitlis and Mus.

     

  • 1918 October 31 - Mustafa Kemal becomes Commander Lightining Group of Armies.

     

  • 1919 April 30 - Mustafa Kemal appointed with wide powers inspector of 9. Army centred on Erzurum.

     

  • 1919 May 6 - Mustafa Kemal leaves Istanbul.

     

  • 1919 May 19 - Mustafa Kemal lands in Samsun.

     

  • 1919 July 8 - Mustafa Kemal resings from the post of Inspector of 3. Army and from the army.

     

  • 1919 July 23 - Mustafa Kemal elected Chairman of Erzurum Congress.

     

  • 1920 April 23 - Mustafa Kemal opens the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM) in Ankara.

     

  • 1920 May 11 - Mustafa Kemal is condemned to death by the government in Istanbul.

     

  • 1921 August 5 - Mustafa Kemal appointed Commander - in - Chief by the Grand National Assembly.

     

  • 1921 August 23 - The battle of Sakarya begins with Turkish troops led by Mustafa Kemal.

     

  • 1921 September 19 - The Grand National Assembly gives Mustafa Kemal the rank of Marshal and the title Gazi (Victor).

     

  • 1922 August 26 - Gazi Mustafa Kemal begins to lead Great Offensive from the hill of Kocatepe.

     

  • 1922 August 30 - Gazi Mustafa Kemal Paşa wins the pitched battle of the Commander in Chief at Dumlupınar.

     

  • 1922 September 10 - Gazi Mustafa Kemal enters Izmir.

     

  • 1922 November 1 - The Grand National Assembly accepts Gazi Mustafa Kemal's proposal to abolish the Sultanate.

     

  • 1923 January 14 - Mustafa Kemal's mother Zubeyde Hanim dies in Izmir.

     

  • 1923 October 29 - Proclamation of the Turkish Republic and Gazi Mustafa Kemal is elected first president.

     

  • 1928 August 9 - Gazi Mustafa Kemal speaks at Sarayburnu on the new Turkish Alphabet.

     

  • 1932 July 12 - Gazi Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish Linguistic Society.

     

  • 1934 June 16 - The Grand National Assembly passes a law granting Gazi Mustafa Kemal the surname "ATATÜRK".

     

  • 1938 November 10 - Atatürk dies.