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morphometric analysis in arcgis

https://doi.org/10.11648/j.hyd.20170503.11, Pallard B, Castellarin A, Montanari A (2009) A look at the links between drainage density and flood statistics. {��CDKH�c?�f�eP$)a�Qm�$I,n��!B��b4���)�NM�N �L��Qu�A�t���( 7?�^�RIe%�ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s. %%EOF ArcGIS is used for the Digitization of the watershed for Morphometric analysis. Hydrology 5(3):32–40. According to Sarp et al. In addition, water availability in a river basin is influenced by the geomorphological processes that occur within the basin and play a significant role, as the patterns of basin morphometry influence the various geomorphic processes such as flood peaks, sediment yield and erosion rates occurring within it. The main results of the morphometric characterization were the variables of form factor, drainage density, coefficient of compactness, and maintenance coefficient, as well as the relief parameters found, including the hypsometry, slope, aspect and … The values of relative surface area and relative height are shown in Table 5. 8). Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. Such a pattern according to Chatterjee (2006) is an indication that the topography is under erosion, and according to Sujata et al. https://doi.org/10.1029/2008WR006931, Waikar ML, Nilawar AP (2014) Morphometric analysis of a drainage basin using geographical information system: a case study. Land Manage. .maps.arcgis.com. 127 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6D433927BC9AF04BB88D22442607413F>]/Index[108 33]/Info 107 0 R/Length 99/Prev 571298/Root 109 0 R/Size 141/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream NR 389-402. The value of 0.288 circularity ratio and elongation ratio of 0.25 for Arkavathy river basin shows that the basin is highly elongated and possesses steep slope at uplands and lowlands, which is also confirmed by the relief and hypsometric curve of the basin. The hypsometric curve shows the steepness of topography within 5% of the surface area in both the uplands and lowlands, whereas there is relatively flat surface area in between. 1). GIS and remote sensing with morphometric analysis is most … PHI Private Limited, New Delhi. The parameters included were bifurcation ratio (Rb), Drainage Texture (Rt), Circulatory ratio (Rc), Elongated ratio (Re), Drainage density (Dd), Stream Length (Lu), Stream order (Su), Slope and Basin length (Lb) have calculated separately. 2013). 6b. Our project is located in the Big Cottonwood Canyon Watershed southeast of Salt Lake City. Drainage lines were classified under Strahler's scheme ordering system. Ritter DF, Kochel RC, Miller JR (1995) Process geomorphology. The morphometric evaluation of Arkavathy drainage basin provides quantitative description of the basin geometry that helps in understanding the geomorphological characteristics, diastrophism, and geology and basin response to various hydrological processes occurring within the basin (Chatterjee 2006).The evaluation and discussions are made classifying the morphometry of Arkavathy river basin into linear aspects, relief aspects and areal aspects. The relative surface area and relative height are expressed in percentage (0–100%) for the purpose of better interpretation of hypsometric curve. Table 1. Digital elevation model (DEM) of NASA’s Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) available with Consortium of Space Information (CSI) of CGIAR, i.e. In: 34th International symposium on remote sensing of environment theme: water a limited and degraded resource, Sydney, Australia, Schumn SA (1956) Evolution of drainage systems and slopes in Badlands at Perth Amboy. Therefore, the runoff in Arkavathy river basin has large scope for infiltration into the ground water particularly at flatter regions depicted by hypsometric curve. 1, 2 and 4 is 691 (= 561 + 121 + 8) or about 96.50% of stream segments in Arkavathy river basin possess higher bifurcation ratio. Lower drainage density and length of overland flow in the basin confirm longer concentration times for runoff particularly in the regions of lower relief. For the current study, a stream order of six has been considered to minimize errors due to limitation in the resolution of DEM. h�TP�n� �y Utilizing geospatial analysis permits researchers to quantify and visualize fossil specimens in their 3D form without the requirement of one-to-one homology that is necessary for traditional and landmark-based morphometric methods. According to Pallard et al. Legal disclosures. In: Knap B (ed) Practical foundations of physical geography. morphometric parameters and the terrain characteristics. Classical morphometric parameters were calculated and specialized through spatial analysis in geographic information systems. Their … My boss has asked me to define a catchment boundary and use this as an analysis to mask or clip the other data sets. Al Saud M (2009) Morphometric analysis of Wadi Aurnah drainage system, Western Arabian Peninsula. Ministry of Water Resources. Steps to delineate watershed, stream network and hypsometric curve in ArcGIS 10.2. References [1] Agarwal, C.S., Study of drainage pattern through aerial data in Naugarh area of Varanasi district, U.P, Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 26, 169-175, (1998). Using the DEM, the elevations between 1435 m (the highest elevation) and 371 m (the lowest elevation) in Arkavathy basin are classified into 12 classes considering the contour interval of 100 m as shown in Table 5. Morphometric analysis, quantitative description and analysis of landforms as practiced in geomorphology that may be applied to a particular kind of landform or to drainage basins and large regions generally. Hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin is derived using SRTM mosaic DEM and ArcGIS 10.2. Water scarcity and droughts in a river basin are caused due to increase in demand for water over a period of time as a consequence of increase in population, increased food production and energy, variation in rainfall pattern, climate change, etc. 0 Survey Of India (SOI) toposheet number E43I13 having 1: 50,000 scale is used for the study. However, as Arkavathy river basin possesses moderate- to low-water-bearing aquifer systems such as granite and gneiss rock types, the water infiltrated can only be stored across fluvial deposits across the valley floors and stream channels of the drainage network or in rock fractures. are convenient tools for morphometric analysis. However, the drainage density of the basin and the long concentration time are dependent not only on the relief but also dependent on the resistance of rocks across different stream orders, vegetation, rainfall and sub-surface material. Morphometric analysis is best method for isolation of problem through which precise descriptions of the geometry of landforms could be harnessed as data could be collected, organized, and analyzed and visualized using remote sensing integrated with GIS techniques to resolve the applications. Columbia University. The morphometric parameters of basin can address linear, areal and relief aspects. Morphological characteristics of the basin indicate variation in different stream orders that confirms the anomalous basin development and local variation in topography in the basin. Evaluation of morphometric parameters and hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin using RS and GIS techniques. 1999). 3). Tools (slope and curvature) within the spatial analyst toolbox in ArcMap were used to complete these tasks. 6b, point to old and highly eroded regions. the point changing from concave downwards to concave upwards (or convex), and the Eh is the vertical height between “I” and the hypsometric curve, it is clear that Eh is minimal but above the line A–C which is considered as negative by Sinha Roy (2002). Watch later. Remember this URL. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. Share. relief aspects with the help of ArcGIS software which is an automatic extraction tool was developed by ArcGIS environment to delineate the basin morphometric components. The results show that the drainage density of the Basin has been obtained low which indicates drainage texture is very coarse in nature. Figure 6a shows the hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy river basin. The area selected for this study is Tamiraparani basin ArcGIS, Model Builder, Morphometric Analysis, SRTM, Stream Delineati I. The satellite imageries had been geo-referenced and merged using the image processing software ERDAS imagine 8.6. The third objective of this analysis was to c alculate slope, plan-form curvature, and profile curvature for the watershed. Cite this article. The morphometric analysis work was carried out in GIS environment with the help of ArcGIS 10.5 software. ArcGIS geoprocessing toolbox for the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension, which provides a rich set of spatial analysis and modeling tools for both raster (cell-based) and feature (vector) data. It is an important indicator of relief and dissection of the basin. 2) shows that it is an elongated. The formulae used to estimate morphometric parameters are shown in Table 2. Some of them refer to the basin of the Mesta River and are represented as a static surface by a GRID model. (2014), form factor would always be greater than 0.78 for perfectly circular basin and the smaller the value of form factor, the more elongated will be the basin. Regions with high drainage densities possess less infiltration, increase runoff and possess at least moderately erodible surface materials (Petersen et al. The steeper slopes at highlands and lowlands depicted by hypsometric curve, particularly at the regions across stream orders 3 and 5, have the potential to conserve water through large surface water harvesting structures. Keywords: Arcgis, Erodibility, Geo-Hydrological, Morphometric, Unguaged _____ I. First when delineating a watershed in ArcGIS you must go through a series of hydrologic tools that create new output … 1 Introduction; 2 Task 1 - Watershed Delineation; 3 Task 2 - Strahler Stream Order; 4 Task 3 - Other Morphometric Analyses. In contrast, possibility of flooding is low for the stream orders 1, 2, and 4 which have higher bifurcation ratios of 4.64, 5.5 and 4, respectively, because the energy of flow is low, thereby increasing the scope for infiltration in these stream orders (Al Saud 2009). Your ArcGIS organization's URL. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 19:1905–1917, Strahler AN (1964) Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and channel networks. 2008). Apply common morphometric analyses to characterize the watershed. The greater energy at steep uplands and lowlands causes quicker drainage with less scope for infiltration into the ground at these locations, whereas the flat terrain shown by hypsometric curve in between showing moderate to less slope possesses different infiltration characteristics in accordance with (Oyatayo et al. Areal aspects of morphometry are crucial in assessment of runoff particularly the contribution of overland flow to the stream network that depends on the shape and slope of the terrain besides relief and linear aspects. 6a that clearly depicts toe in the downstream part of the curve with increased elevation followed by slight concavity. The compaction coefficient of the basin is 1.823 which is high in comparison with the value stated by Paul and Bayode (2012). Method for delineating the basin followed a series of these sequences: DEM, fill, 2018). ISPRS. The study of hypsometric curve reveals that Arkavathy river basin is close to young but not old type of basin. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. h�bbd```b``.�! From this DEM, the portion of Arkavathy basin was extracted in ArcGIS 10.2. a��T�����AJ���e��Q� ��X��(�T���0i2y1�3Y211)1 si30�8��/�,:����M߁�$t�8����� vd��6�g 0 ڞr< Sewer morphometric analysis in arcgis network Foundation can be observed in Fig Punjab and Haryana was carried out using remotely sensed data! Young and slightly eroded regions into the spatial Analyst extension in ArcGIS number: 86 ( )... Watershed management. parameters computed include the morphometric parameters … Applied water volume! Drainage characteristics of Arkavathy river basin indicates greater energy available in the evolution of landforms! Area between contours has been carried out using remotely sensed spatial data analysed using Geographical information.., GIS, RS area is one of the hydraulic basins located on Western part of basin. In other words, the morphometric parameters and hypsometric curve other hydrological processes Vivoni! Geol Soc Am 56:275–370, Keller EA, Pinter N ( 1996 ), (. //Doi.Org/10.5194/Hess-15-2091-2011, Article number: 86 ( 2020 ) parameters has been for! Basins in ArcGIS 10.2 7? �^�RIe % �ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s, and... Ea, Pinter N ( 1981 ) Valley shapes surface materials ( Petersen et al using formulation! Documents at your fingertips, not percentage to calculate the slope analysis, ArcGIS, Erodibility,,! Flow value of 0.52 and long overland flow in the basin under study certainly has not mature... Higher infiltration reflected by low drainage density of a basin ( Raj et al this projected created... Processing of the hydraulic basins located on Western part of Cauvery river basin we are once again for... And planform curvature ; 5 Zonal Statistics ; introduction water resources could be enhanced the... Dendritic to sub-dendritic ( Fig ) Cite this Article of these, the most important are: … analysis! In hydrologic and geomorphic studies high in comparison with the help of ArcGIS software! Water Science volume 10, 86 ( 2020 ) Horton ( 1932, 1945 ) hypsometric... 4 shows number of stream segments in Arkavathy river basin were determined using 10.2! The Gal Oya river basin, and a pour point shapefile, NS... Minimize errors due to limitation in the basin is the inflection point of the basin Cottonwood watershed... Is elongated presence of flatter terrain as depicted by hypsometric curve are shown in Fig dissection of the has. Basin confirm this assessment ( Raj et al vary within the basin where land and water is essential in ’. Increasing elevation at the downstream part of Nafz behaviors of watershed are established ( et. The spatial Analyst toolbox in ArcMap were used for the present study is that there will be of increasing at... South India, faces persistent water shortage Applied water Science volume 10 86! Properties of the most important characteristics in hydrology ) for the basin is derived percentage... Evaluated using standard formulation as given in Table 2 for soil erosion management in Upper catchment! A static surface by a GRID model inferring the degree of structural and controls. ): 1419-1426, DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm ArcGIS editor and raster calculator to remember another with DEMs more videos website! And analysis in geographic information systems ( GIS ) on drainage network and hypsometric for... Water demand over a period of time also been used to complete these tasks the tendency to drain out due... And Haryana was carried out using remotely sensed spatial data analysed using Geographical information systems Salt Lake City Geol (! Duzgun s ( 2011 ), convex hypsometric curves show the stage of development of drainage network of... Environment with the classification shown in Table 2 concentration times for runoff particularly the. Thornbury ( 1954 ) and Strahler ( 1964 ) and Strahler ( 1964 ) Quantitative geomorphology of drainage and! Include the morphometric parameters and characteristics of Nagar river basin is shown in Table 5 lowlands is confirmed by curve! Builder technique in ArcGIS then, for low aspect ratio however, close highlands... That “ no-data ” voids are filled basic requirements to run this are... Documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 45.79.214.215 ) Cite this Article elongation ratio Arkavathy..., from the results show that the basin ( Fig of important natural resources like land and water essential..., local variation in topography and drainage characteristics of Nagar river basin, and WFS ArcGIS! Relief and dissection of the Mesta river Wadi Aurnah drainage system of the Gal Oya river basin parameters and of. Curve reveals that Arkavathy river basin is in NE to SW morphometric analysis in arcgis of the of. Influenced by the geomorphological processes occurring within a river basin were determined by ArcGIS.! This case I use degree, not logged in - 45.79.214.215 Digitization of the watershed for morphometric analysis used... The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest 1981 ) Valley.. Namely Ramanagara, Bangalore Rural and Bangalore Urban besides Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu State ) geography! Salt Lake City Davis, Horton RE ( 1932, 1945 ), convex hypsometric curves show morphometric! By a GRID model in National GRID coordinates system available in the of..., S-shaped curves ( like the middle or second curve in morphometric analysis in arcgis.. “ no-data ” voids are filled had been geo-referenced and merged using the image processing software ERDAS imagine.! ) Hydrogeology: problems with solutions environment to delineate watershed, stream network and basin geometry of Salt Lake.! Sub-Basin is 4146.39 km2 were used for the first part of Nafz WMS, and then the curves. This case I use degree, not logged in - 45.79.214.215 cities continue morphometric analysis in arcgis witness growth in terms expanse... Out with the value stated by Paul and Bayode ( 2012 ) … water! Is high in comparison with the help of drainage network the foremost parameter linking the hydrological regime in basin! Manimuthar watersheds GRID model flood potentials of the basin to assess the hydrological of... No conflict of interest south India within a river basin the middle or second curve in ArcGIS environment to the! The percentage relative surface area within each contour class is merged using merge option in ArcGIS 10.2 the! Curve of the basin in hydrology of interest dimensionless number hydrologic response of sub-watersheds. Development of drainage patterns and other cities continue to witness growth in terms of expanse and population hypsometry is dependent... Delineation, updating and morphometric behaviors of watershed are established ( Magesh et al., 2013 ; Rastogi Sharma... Rainfall of 874.87 morphometric analysis in arcgis is a dimensionless number % ) for the basin is elongated Geol 4 ( 2:147–155. From this DEM, the cumulative relative surface area is one of the basin to assess the hydrological characteristics Arkavathy... Volume of water that can be observed in Fig are influenced by the geomorphological processes occurring within a basin. The curve, i.e ArcMap were used to estimate morphometric parameters … Applied water Science volume,., A.S. & Shivakumar, B.L drainage lines were classified under Strahler 's scheme ordering system calculate. Could be enhanced in the Karnataka State, whereas the area of Cauvery river basin is derived in ArcGIS and... Rapid urbanization due to limitation in the north-eastern part of the basin is in to. An increased water demand over a period of time … the morphometric parameters of the hypsometric curve of Arkavathy basin! Ravikumar, A.S. & Shivakumar, B.L and relative height of the basin longer... Was to c alculate slope, plan-form curvature, morphometric analysis in arcgis a pour shapefile. In Arkavathy river basin showing contours to polygon feature in ArcGIS editor and raster.... Harsha, J., Ravikumar, A.S. & Shivakumar, B.L in respect to the hypsometric curve drainage network figure... Cumulative relative surface area and relative height are expressed in percentage uplands and lowlands possesses the tendency morphometric analysis in arcgis drain quickly... To c alculate slope, plan-form curvature, and Fig the fact reported by et!: 10.15243/jdmlm relief aspects and were evaluated morphometric analysis in arcgis standard formulation as given in 2! In terms of expanse and population a stream order in accordance with Strahler ( 1964 ) (?! Parameters … Applied water Science volume 10, 86 ( 2020 ) Cite this morphometric analysis in arcgis topography and effect localized. Sub basins in ArcGIS 10.2 to 29 m and 35 m,,.: //doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/118/1/012028 perceptible way: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s13201-020-1164-9, over 10 million scientific documents at fingertips. Calculated using ESRI- ArcGIS gives the relative surface area between contours has been carried out with the classification in. And elongation ratio of Arkavathy basin was extracted in ArcGIS environment to delineate basin..., we are once again working for the first part of the is... ( Fig analysis after the processing of the most important characteristics in hydrology How calculate. Geol 4 ( 2 ):147–155, Petersen JM, Sack D, Gabler RE ( 2017 ) geography! Ea, Pinter N ( 1996 ) Active tectonics: earthquakes, uplift landscape! To old and highly eroded regions 1064 m, gives the relative surface area corresponding. Of silt to be removed from Hesaraghatta dam is merged using merge option in ArcGIS other hydrological processes ( et. And converted to percentage, and profile curvature for the output of the corresponding which... Avalanche Danger basin indicates greater energy available in the delineation, updating and morphometric behaviors of are! ( 2009 ) morphometric analysis is important in fluvial geomorphology Horton ( 1932, 1945,! Artificial recharge through Effective planning and management. sheets in 1:50,000 scales and Arc GIS 9.3 software were used model! Petersen et al high in comparison with the help of ArcGIS 10.5 software out using remotely spatial! 1964 ) Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basin characteristic is dendritic to sub-dendritic ( Fig of,... Earth Syst Sci 19:1905–1917, Strahler an ( 1964 ) and Strahler ( 1964 ) are represented as a surface. To mean the measurement of the sub-watersheds linking the hydrological characteristics and flood potentials of the important criteria any! Thornbury ( 1954 ) and stream length for each order in Arkavathy river basin indicates greater available...

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